Philadelphia Disability Lawyer
You need committed and experienced Philadelphia disability attorneys throughout the process of your Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) application. If you are temporarily or permanently disabled in Philadelphia and you don’t have private long-term insurance, your best option is applying for SSDI.
While some people expect this process to move along quickly and fairly, most SSDI applicants find that this process can be extenuating and confusing. Meritorious applications are frequently denied because the legal requirements are not evident to Social Security claims examiners. With the assistance of a skilled team of attorneys, you can avoid a lengthy and convoluted SSDI application and appellate process.
If you or someone you know is applying for or has been denied a social security disability application in Philadelphia, you should contact the law offices of Young, Marr & Associates. Whether the SSDI is intended for you, your child, or your spouse, it’s likely you’re experiencing a tough time making ends meet due to disability.
The Social Security Administration (SSA) has internal methods of evaluating applications that the experienced team at Young, Marr & Associates understands in depth. Some of our lawyers used to work there and they understand what you’re going through. Call (215) 515-2954 to schedule a free and private consultation with a Philadelphia Disability Lawyer today.
Overview of Social Security Disability Benefits in Philadelphia
Social Security disability benefits consist of monthly payments that help support a person who has become too disabled to work. While Philadelphia doesn’t have state-funded disability programs under state law, people with a disabling condition can be eligible to apply for:
- Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
- Social Security Disability Insurance
For 2020, the maximum amount of these two types of disability benefits a person can receive per month is $3,011. This reflects a 1.6% cost of living increase1 (COLA) from 2019.
Applying for Social Security Financial Assistance Programs
If you have a disability and you don’t have long-term care insurance, you can seek support from the SSA as well as other programs designed to help people in your situation. One of the most significant dilemmas for the disabled is handling medical expenses and making ends meet. You can seek many sources of disability funding with the help of your attorney.
Strict Limits on Your Attorney’s Fees
No one’s first thought in applying for financial assistance is to hire a lawyer. However, there are areas of law — such as disability law and bankruptcy law — where a qualified attorney best represents people’s interests. Laws limiting legal fees are designed to protect citizens in vulnerable situations. Everyone recognizes that the application process can be difficult for a lay person, and a lawyer can help people assert their rights effectively.
The Difference Between Social Security and SSDI
Social Security is different from SSDI because Social Security ordinarily only becomes available upon a person reaching the age of 62. However, SSDI is available before your retirement age if you become disabled after having accumulated enough points by paying social security payroll taxes.
The Difference Between SSDI and SSI
The major difference between SSDI and SSI is that SSDI is available only to those who have worked for a certain number of years and earned enough work credits, while SSI is available to any disabled low-income individual, even if that person has never worked. As such, those receiving SSDI benefits tend to receive more money. For example, the average monthly SSDI payment in 2020 is $1,258, while the average SSI payment is $783.
In some instances, if your SSDI payment is on the low end, you may also be eligible to receive SSI benefits. This usually occurs when you have a short work history or have not worked in a while. Furthermore, because SSDI takes 5 months for approval, you can sometimes receive SSI benefits in the interim while you are waiting to be approved. Generally speaking, you should always apply for SSDI over SSI.
Access to Subsidized Health Insurance
Medicare and Medicaid are the health insurance services available to people with disabilities. After receiving SSDI for at least two years, you will be eligible to access Medicare. Alternatively, depending on your income, you can apply for Medicaid.
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)
Depending on your income, if you have a disability, you can access supplemental assistance to purchase your food.
Definitions of Disability for the Purpose of SSDI Benefits in Philadelphia
For the purposes of receiving SSDI benefits, a person is considered disabled in Philadelphia if they have a condition or impairment that is “medically determinable.” Furthermore, the medical condition (or a combination of conditions) must be considered severe. An impairment or combination of impairments is considered severe “if it significantly limits an individual’s physical or mental abilities to do basic work activities.”
A condition is medically determinable if it can be definitively shown to exist through clinical and laboratory diagnostic techniques accepted by the medical community. This condition or impairment can be either physical or mental. It must either have prevented the applicant from working to earn a substantial or gainful income for 12 straight months, be expected to prevent the applicant from working to earn a substantial income for 12 straight months, or be expected to cause the applicant’s death.
Components of a Social Security Disability Benefits Application in Philadelphia
When you review SSDI application requirements, the amount of medical information requested is typically overwhelming. A qualified attorney can guide you through this process effectively. The landmark Supreme Court decision Sullivan v. Zabel (1990) enunciated the legal standard for evaluating Social Security disability claims. Accordingly, your Social Security disability application typically goes through a detailed review that must meet the following five conditions:
“Substantial Gainful Activity”
Usually, you cannot be employed, and your income cannot exceed certain guidelines. Your application should provide your current sources of income, bank statements, and other financial information explaining how you have supported yourself since the onset of the disability. As of 2020, if your monthly income exceeds $1,260, your application may be unsuccessful. An exception occurs if the person applying for the disability benefits is blind. In this case, the blind person is permitted to have a monthly income not exceeding $2,110 per month and still qualify for SSDI. Your attorney can explain this requirement in greater detail.
Having an Impairment that Disables You from Working
The symptoms of your impairment are such that it’s clear you cannot hold a job. A qualified attorney can go through your medical information to help you determine if you meet the requirements of a disabling condition based on the symptoms you experience.
Impairment Level Matches Social Security Regulations
Your condition doesn’t have to meet the requirements of an automatic disability. However, your impairment must be listed under Social Security laws and regulations. Your medical documentation must also provide strong support for the existence of that impairment. With the assistance of an experienced disability attorney, you can provide the information needed for this aspect of your claim.
Inability to Perform Previous Work Duties
At this juncture, the nature of your disability is reviewed to determine if you can come back to your previous job with reasonable accommodations and if you have “transferrable skills” based on that job. Your prior job history is needed for this analysis.
Impairment, Age, and Education Precluding You from Doing Any Work
This analysis in disability law terms is known as the “residual functioning capacity.” The basis for this analysis is known as “grids.” The grids consist of a pre-established set of federal medical-vocational guidelines used in the review of Social Security disability applications. An attorney is best qualified to answer whether or not grids can impact your application.
Aside from these five main components, there are also other issues to consider, including the following:
“Trial Work Periods”
A trial work period occurs when you are receiving SSDI but are also working on the side. If you make more than a certain amount of money during that month, the month will count as a trial work period in Philadelphai. For 2020, earning any amount exceeding $910 per month will count as a trial work period. You are only permitted to use 9 months toward a trial work period before your benefits may be endangered. These months do not need to be consecutive if they are in the same 60-month period.
Special Medical Examination Needed for SSDI Approval
Sometimes, the SSA will require you to undergo a special medical examination before they approve you for SSDI payments. This typically occurs when you have not seen a doctor in some time or do not have enough medical records for the SSA to determine whether or not you have a severe disability.
The exam will be conducted by an independent physician who has contracted with the SSA to perform such examinations. If the SSA schedules such an exam for you, you must attend and fully comply with the examining doctor so they can make an accurate report. Failure to fully comply or to show up for your appointment could result in your claim being denied.
Types of Conditions that Have Been Granted SSDI Benefits in Philadelphia
Your work experience comes into play as the examiners analyze whether you have what is known as “residual functional capacity” or “RFC,” meaning that you have transferrable skills based on your previous experience. To be considered disabled in Philadelphia, your symptoms must interfere with your ability even to use your lowest level of RFC. Some of our successful SSDI applications include multiple ailments, including the following conditions:
- Degenerative disc disease
- Disorders of the spine
- Debilitating hand pain
- Peripheral neuropathies
- Mitral regurgitation
- Ventricular hypertrophy
- Coronary artery disease
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- Traumatic brain injury
- Recurring migraine headaches
- Seizure disorder
- Personality disorders
- Panic disorders and anxiety
- Borderline intellectual functioning
- Depressive disorders
- Bipolar disorders
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Multiple sclerosis
- Miller Fisher variant of Guillain Barre
Other Serious Conditions
- Restrictive lung disease
- Bowel incontinence
SSDI for Spouse and Other Dependents in Philadelphia
If you are on SSDI in Philadelphia and have a spouse, children, or even grandchildren who depend on your income, they may qualify for additional auxiliary benefits under the program. Each dependent can receive SSDI benefits up to 50% of your own payment, but the total that all your dependents receive cannot exceed 180% of your own SSDI payment. The following sections explain the requirements for spouses and other dependents to qualify for auxiliary benefits.
A spouse can qualify for additional SSDI benefits in Philadelphia if one of the following is true:
- The spouse is 62 years old or older
- The spouse is the primary caregiver for at least one child under 16 years old
- The spouse is the primary caregiver for a disabled child of any age
A divorced spouse can qualify for additional SSDI benefits if all the following are true:
- The two of you were married for 10 years or more
- The ex-spouse is at least 62 years old
- The ex-spouse is not remarried
- The ex-spouse is not eligible under their own or someone else’s Social Security account for benefits greater than or equal to yours
Children can qualify for additional SSDI benefits if one of the following is true:
- The child is 18 years old or younger and is not married
- The child is 19 and still in high school and is not married
- The child is 18 or older, unmarried, and has a disability, the onset of which occurred before their 22nd birthday
Grandchildren and Stepchildren
Grandchildren and stepchildren can be eligible for additional SSDI benefits if all the following are true:
- The child is 18 years old or younger
- The child resides with you
- The child’s parents are dead or disabled
- You were responsible for half or more of the child’s financial needs in the year before you started on disability, or the child is under 1 year old and you have been responsible for at least half of their financial needs since the child’s birth
If you are on SSDI in Philadelphia and you pass away, those who survive you may be eligible for survivor’s benefits in certain situations. A widow or widower would be eligible if they fulfill one of the requirements listed under the “Spouses” section above, or if they themselves are disabled. If they have reached full retirement age, they are eligible for 100% of the deceased’s benefits. If they are between sixty-two and full retirement age, they are eligible for 71% of the deceased’s benefits.
Children, grandchildren, and stepchildren will be eligible for survivor’s benefits in Philadelphia if they meet the requirements laid out in the sections above.
How Long It Takes for SSDI Applications to be Approved in Philadelphia
Generally, it takes time and effort for approval of Social Security Disability benefits. Don’t be surprised if your application is denied initially; SSDI claims are frequently rejected at first. With the help of an experienced attorney, you can navigate through the process successfully and avoid lengthy questioning about your medical documentation. Depending on your condition, there are results and medical tests that carry more weight than others. When you fail to provide the types of documentation needed, your application may be rejected.
Unlike most government applications, the SSDI application process has multiple levels of reconsideration and appellate review. Since every case is decided based on the specific circumstances of the individual, you can’t make conclusions based on what you hear from other people. An experienced attorney can give you a more definite sense of your case.
Your attorney can also advocate for what is known as a “compassionate allowance condition” and request a fast-track review of your application. People eligible for this exception must have a serious condition warranting this exception.
Reasons Why SDDI Applications Get Rejected
Many SSDI applications fail because the file contains medical information without clear explanations of how the condition renders you disabled. Our disability lawyers will work closely with you and make sure that your application contains the necessary materials to tell your full story, such as all the help you need to get through your days and how your career has been affected by the disability.
Some medical conditions are not well understood because not everyone with the same condition becomes automatically disabled. For example, there are conditions such as multiple sclerosis, fibromyalgia, and rheumatoid arthritis that cause flairs where the person is unable to work and will likely need custodial assistance. Every medical condition has a unique impact on every person, and other complications can cause a mild medical condition to turn into a disability. An experienced attorney understands these variations and will work with seasoned medical experts, if necessary, to show that what you experience is part of your condition.
While many people with these diagnoses can continue to work, there are others who eventually have constant flairs and develop complications that impede their ability to hold on to a job. Many applicants fail to provide the necessary evidence that can substantiate the reality of how their medical condition impacts their life.
The Blue Book is not the ultimate basis for determining your disability. With the assistance of your attorney, you can provide the types of information about your chronic condition or combination of medical ailments that cause impediments in your systems.
What to Do If Your SSDI Application Was Denied in Philadelphia, PA
SSDI applications are known for initial denials. With an attorney at your side, you can have someone proactively communicating and advocating on your behalf. In that case, there are multiple opportunities to ask for further review, including:
As of April 2019, denied Philadelphia, PA SSDI applications must go through reconsideration by another claims examiner at the local office. At this point, you may receive requests for additional information that your attorney can help you follow through on.
Administrative Law Hearing
Your application is reviewed by an administrative law judge (ALJ) who determines whether the claims examiner analyzed the information consistent with rules and regulations. Your attorney can take this opportunity to provide adequate testimony and present your situation in the most favorable light.
There are instances when the ALJ will ask for a vocational expert to testify about his or her findings regarding your ability to work. Also, medical experts often testify as to their conclusions about your disability. Having an attorney representing you at this stage is crucial because sometimes these experts draw incorrect conclusions. At this point, your attorney can ask them questions during what is known as “cross-examination” and test the witnesses’ credibility.
Appeals Council Review
You can ask for a review by the SSA’s policy panel. They don’t take all cases. Your attorney can help you determine if this option is viable or if it’s better to skip this review.
U.S. Federal District Court
A denied application is typically subject to an appeal. An appeal is the part of the process where no more evidence is allowed. The judge looks at your existing medical evidence to determine whether previous reviews were adequate. At this juncture, your attorney presents an argument about the unjust review of your case.
At this point, your lawyer must demonstrate how your record met all SSA rules and regulations. These legal proceedings can get complicated because you have to prove that your application meets the legal standard known as “preponderance of the evidence.” An experienced disability attorney can explain this at greater length.
Call for a Free Consultation with a Top Philadelphia Disability Lawyer
Your medical condition doesn’t have a schedule and isn’t predictable. Nothing could be harder than facing an expensive and debilitating medical condition after reaching adulthood. Most people have a financial advisor to prepare for retirement but don’t consider the possibility of encountering a disability before retiring.
Moreover, being unable to meet the financial needs of a disabled child is difficult. Your Philadelphia Disability Lawyer can guide you when applying under these circumstances. When you apply for SSDI in Philadelphia, you have to be prepared to wait for a significant period of time for your application decision. However, with the assistance of a qualified attorney, you can stand ready to put forth a strong application.
At the law offices of Young, Marr & Associates, you will find a knowledgeable, compassionate, and diligent team of attorneys who understand there is a lot at stake on your SSDI application. They proudly serve Philadelphia residents who need disability law services. To schedule a prompt, free, and private consultation, call (215) 515-2954 our offices.
ALL CASES ARE OVERSEEN BY FORMER SOCIAL SECURITY LEGAL REPRESENTATIVES
Before coming to Young, Marr & Associates, our SSD attorneys worked for the SSA which gives us an advantage over attorneys who have never dealt directly with the internal SSA system. We know the process is difficult – your job is to get better, and our job is to make sure you get the disability you deserve.
Chances are you are preoccupied dealing with a painful illness. You are concerned about your financial future, about how you will get by without a steady source of income.
Read what our clients have to say about us.
“I have already recommended Paul Young numerous times. He was honest, explained endlessly in terms that were understandable. Paul Young guided me through the process from beginning consultation to the end of case. Highly satisfied and grateful for his expertise.”